immigration in the Arabic language:
It is the departure of a person from one place to another, and its combination is migrations. As for the terminology, migration means: the movement of individuals from one geographical location to another, regardless of the distance they travel, and regardless of the reason for migration. However, the term migration does not include the movement of Bedouins moving from place to place; Because they do not live in a fixed and specific place.
There are two main types of migration:
It is the movement of individuals from their homeland to another, across political borders, no matter how far the immigrant travels. External migration is divided into two types:
Permanent foreign emigration, in which the individual separates from his country of origin, and seeks to adapt to the country to which he immigrated. temporary foreign emigration It is a short or long-term migration, but it is not permanent, in which the immigrant seeks a better job. to improve his standard of living. Internal migration: It is the movement of the immigrant from one place to another within the borders of his homeland, such as migration from rural to urban areas, and there are two types of internal migration, namely:
Migration of individuals from one region to another, or from one region to another within the borders of the state.
The migration of individuals from the countryside to the cities, as this migration appeared in a large way in the second half of the twentieth century.
The benefits of immigration :
Migration, with its various causes and types, has many benefits for the countries that attract immigrants, as well as the countries from which immigrants leave. These benefits are represented in the following points:
Vacancies are filled in the host country, while maintaining economic growth.
The host country becomes culturally diverse.
Migrants bring with them many creative ideas and great energy. The percentage of remittances increases to the countries from which individuals emigrate.
The unemployment rate decreases, and the immigrants have the opportunity to improve their standard of living.
Immigrants become able to save, and they acquire different skills; because of their migration. It is worth noting that a study was conducted on immigration and immigrants by the Ministry of Employment and Education in Oxford, where this study indicated that immigrants contribute to fueling the economic boom, and migrant labor also contributes to keeping some companies in the market, which this study also showed.
Immigrants have many benefits in the field of tourism, through the modernization of new air routes, and immigration has a good effect on local employment and their efficiency, and it contributes to showing a new approach and thought for companies, and facilitates economic growth in the host country.
Disadvantages of immigration :
Just as immigration has positives and benefits, it also has negatives, and these negatives are represented in the following:
Increasing the population, and this would affect and put pressure on public services in the country that attracts immigrants.
The ease of migration and movement from one place to another may cause the spread of crime and human trafficking.
The possibility of an increase in the unemployment rate if there are large numbers of immigrants.
Employers ignore innovation, productivity, and training in the presence of low-wage workers. The donor countries for immigrants lack highly trained people who immigrate to another country, especially those who work in the health field. The emergence of social problems represented by children growing up away from their parents; Due to the emigration of parents abroad.
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